This research addresses crime and fear of crime in four neighborhoods of Metropolitan Lima. Taking a micro-sociological perspective, I explore the social mechanisms that neighbors use and the public policies that local governments implement to tackle crime and fear of crime in areas where there are different levels of burglary and theft. A comparative qualitative methodology was applied. Fear of crime in these neighborhoods is a complex phenomenon in which several factors are involved. These include the performance of the police, the community policing managed by local government, individual and collective crime prevention strategies, the leadership of the local authorities, the economic resources of citizens and local governments, as well as certain aspects of neighborhood infrastructure.